Migration Governance and Asylum Crises – MAGYC (2018-2022). This Horizon2020 project, coordinated by the Hugo Observatory at the University of Liège (Belgium), explores how European migration policies are influenced by political crises triggered by migration. At a time when such policies are heavily contested across European member-states, and when asylum seems more threatened than ever, this project is critically important to improve our understanding of how migration policies are formulated and shaped by a context of crisis. The project gathers 13 partners from Europe, from Lebanon and from Turkey.
Within MAGYC, I lead the Work Package “Comparing Crises – Lessons from “Migration Crises” in the Middle East, North Africa, and the Horn of Africa”. Here, my team and I want to understand two things:
1) What is a “migration crisis” in our research regions?, and
2) How do efforts to control and regulate movement figure in negotiations between state and non-state actors?
We argue that forced migration governance functions as a regime strategy of states at different levels of political stability with institutional and bureaucratic specificities limiting a state’s scope to act; is negotiated around humanitarian principles in which international actors and civil society play a crucial role; is driven by the size and perceived proximity of forced migrant groups in terms of race, gender, ethnicity, class, and religious belonging; and is characterised by strong path-dependency.
Our work follows a process-oriented approach which focuses on different scales (local, national, inter-/transnational) and which takes forced migrants’ perspectives as a starting point. We build our empirical base by conducting field work in Lebanon, Jordan, Tunisia, Morocco, Niger and Ethiopia/the Ethiopian diaspora, where we conduct interviews both with refugees and migrants as well as with political decision-makers and civil society actors. This is complemented by archival research and the study of secondary literature.
CASCADE – Co-Resilience Of Natural And Social Systems In A Global Biodiversity Hotspot (2017-2018). CASCADE addressed the multilateral relationship between biodiversity, climate change, and society, focusing on unwanted feedbacks in social-ecological systems (SES). The project proposed, by means of a truly inter- and transdisciplinary approach, to study the drivers and impacts of tipping points in SES in an ideal study region. The project was unique in integrating natural and social sciences at eye level and in adopting the three-step model for transdisciplinarity: co-design, co-production and co-dissemination of research between science and stakeholders. Its focus was on the Jordan River region, located in a global biodiversity hotspot and including many progenitors of globally important crops. Steep climate gradients and highly diverse socio-economic settings provide an ideal real-life laboratory. The project was financed by the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research, submitted by a transdisciplinary consortium composed of scientific partners from Germany, Palestine, Jordan, and Israel as well as numerous stakeholders from the Jordan River region, and was coordinated by Prof. Dr. Katja Tielbörger, University of Tübingen. The project’s transdisciplinary approach is detailed in this article.
Creatures of Illusion. A critical review of Remote Sensing as a tool for assessing social and ecological sustainability in refugee camps (2015–2016). This project was interested in the different ways of “seeing” refugees – from afar through remote sensing methods, and from close-up through ethnographic field research. Following a mixed methods approach, it problematised and furthered the debate on digital humanitarianism – that is the increasing reliance on digital (visual) technologies such as satellite remote sensing in humanitarian governance. It was funded by the Centre for a Sustainable University at the University of Hamburg, and co-lead with Dr. Delf Rothe, IFSH.